Crocodilian Skin Diseases & Quality Implications

Understanding  crocodilian skin and tanning

Lott, M.J., Moore, R.L., Milic, N.L., Power, M., Shilton, C.M., Isberg, S.R. (2018) Dermatological conditions of farmed Crocodilians: A review of pathogenic agents and their proposed impact on skin quality. Veterinary Microbiology 225: 89-100.

Isberg S.R., Gibb K.S., Chiri E., Kaestli M., Moran J.L., De Araujo R., Elliott N., Christian K.A., Melville L., Milic N.L. (2019) 'Possible chinks in the crocodile armour: defining skin microflora'. AgriFutures, Canberra. 40 pages.

Isberg, S.R. (2008) Crocodile Bites: A novel area of research potential?Wound repair and regeneration 16(4): A64.

West Nile virus

Kurucz, N., McMahon,J.L., Warchot, A., Hewitson, G., Barcelon, J., Moore, F., Moran, J., Harrison,J.J., Colmant, A.M.G., Staunton, K.M., Ritchie, S.A., Townsend, M., MeyerSeiger, D., Hall, R.A., Isberg, S.R, Hall-Mendelin, S. (2022) Nucleic acid preservation card surveillance is effective for monitoring arbovirus transmission on crocodile farms and provides a One Health benefit to Northern Australia. Viruses 14, 1342

Habarugira, G., Moran, J., Colmant, A.M.G., Davis, S.S., O’Brien, C., Hall-Mendelin, S., McMahon, J., Hewitson, G., Nair, N., Barcelon, J., Suen, W.W., Melville, L., Hobson-Peters, J., Hall, R.A., Isberg, S.R., Bielefeldt-Ohmann, H. (2020) Mosquito-independent transmission of West Nile virus (WNV) in farmed saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus). Viruses 12: 198.

Isberg, S.R., Moran, J.L., De Araujo, R., Elliott, N., Davis, S.S., Melville, L. (2019) First evidence of Kunjin strain of West Nile virus associated with saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) skin lesions. Australian Veterinary Journal 97(10): 390-393.

Crocodile Poxvirus

Sarker, S., Isberg, S.R., Moran, J.L., De Araujo, R., Elliott, N., Melville, L., Beddoe, T., Helbig, K.J. (2019) Crocodilepox virus evolutionary genomics supports observed poxvirus infection dynamics on saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus). Viruses 11, 1116, doi:10.3390/v11121116.

Sarker, S., Isberg, S.R., Milic, N.L., Lock, P., Helbig, K.J. (2018) Molecular characterization of the first saltwater crocodilepox virus genome sequences from the world’s largest living member of the Crocodylia. Scientific Reports 8: 5623.

Moore, R.L., Isberg, S.R., Shilton, C.M., Milic, N.L. (2017) Impact of poxvirus lesions on saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) skins. Veterinary Microbiology 211:29-35.


Lott, M.J., Hose, G.C., Isberg, S.R., Power, M.L. (2015) Genetics and infection dynamics of Paratrichosoma sp in farmed saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus). Parasitology Research 114(2): 727-735, doi:10.1007/s00436-014-4240-y.